The doctors at the New Jersey Eye Center encourage patients to undergo routine eye exams, as early detection of potential eye disorders increases the likelihood of a positive outcome.
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is one of the leading causes of vision loss and blindness in people over the age of 50. The retinal damage that occurs due to macular degeneration results in vision loss in the center of the visual field, which can cause difficulty in reading and/or recognizing faces. Typically patients retain enough peripheral vision to engage in other daily activities. There are two forms of AMD, referred to as “dry” and “wet” forms of the condition. The dry type accounts for about 90% of all macular degeneration cases and is considered to be less severe than the wet form. If left untreated, both types of macular degeneration will become more severe as they progress. The condition is not painful, thus many patients do not seek treatment when they first notice symptoms of vision loss. Symptoms that may suggest macular degeneration include the need for brighter light when reading, difficulty recognizing faces, increased blurriness of words when reading, difficulty adapting to low light levels, haziness in central vision, and a blind spot or blurriness at the center of the field of vision. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, it is critical that you see one of our qualified eye doctors as soon as possible. It is also important to attend routine eye exams, in which our doctor will examine you for macular degeneration and other age-related vision problems.
Diabetic retinopathy is damage to the retina that is caused by complications of diabetes. The condition results in vision impairment and can lead to blindness if left untreated. It is a common manifestation of diabetes – nearly 80% of all patients who have had diabetes for more than 10 years will suffer from diabetic retinopathy. The risk of retinal damage can be greatly reduced by undergoing regular eye exams with our doctors who understand diabetes and the damage it can cause to the retina. Diabetic retinopathy typically has no early warning signs, so it is crucial that patients with diabetes incorporate regular eye exams into their health routine. Our doctors have been monitoring and treating diabetic patients in the New Jersey area for many years.
Conjunctivitis is an inflammation of the conjunctiva (the thin membrane that covers the whites of the eyes and the inside of the eyelids). When allergies are the cause of red, itchy, watery eyes, the condition is referred to as allergic conjunctivitis. In NJ the most common cause of allergic conjunctivitis is the prevalence of pollen in the air during the hay fever season. Many people are allergic to pollen and allergic conjunctivitis is one of the typical symptoms of seasonal allergies. Other causes include allergies to cosmetics, contact lenses, dust mites, and pets. Most people find relief from allergic conjunctivitis with eye drops, but it is important to consult with our experienced eye doctors to be sure you are using the correct type – certain types of eye drops may cause further irritation or inflammation. Our doctors may also recommend certain other measures, such as eye baths, antihistamine tablets, and avoidance of the cause of the allergy, if possible.
Anterior uveitis is an inflammation of the middle layer of the eye (including the iris and adjacent tissue) that can have serious consequences if left untreated. In most cases, the condition occurs without any obvious cause; however, it can also occur as a result of eye trauma, or as a complication of other eye diseases, and is associated with other health problems (for example, arthritis and rubella). Anterior uveitis can cause the development of cataracts, glaucoma, and retinal edema, which can eventually result in permanent vision loss. Fortunately, the condition responds well to treatment, although it tends to recur. Our doctors typically prescribe eye drops to dilate the pupils and anti-inflammatory drugs to treat the problem. The symptoms of anterior uveitis include a painful, inflamed eye, blurred vision, small pupil size, and sensitivity to light. These symptoms are associated with many other eye conditions, so it is important to consult with a qualified eye doctor whenever you experience problems with your eyes and/or vision.